Some orphans were educated by feminine religious orders, that had the intention to preserve them of any vice and the bad way. The girls children of the privileged elites had beyond the basic slight knowledge of the reading and the writing, Frenchman and piano lessons that they were given in its proper houses for particular teachers or in religious schools. They were also added to its education ' ' abilities with the needle, the embroiderings, the culinrias incomes, abilities, as well as the abilities of control of the servants and serviais' ' (BLOND, 2004, P. 446), making all this apparatus it has left of the education of the young women of the high society. The conception of the society of the time was of that ' ' women would have more to be educated of what instrudas' ' , she has seen, them would not need knowledge or information, but yes of moral formation and good principles, since its destination was of wife, the mother and owner of house, being its social attribute of educator of the children, or better, of responsible for the formation of worthy citizens. According to Parrot (2004), this can be perceived in the first law of public instruction of Brazil, of 1827, cited for Lopes (1991, p.4): The women lack more than instruction in such a way, inasmuch as they are who they give the first education to its children, Are they who make the good and bad men; they are the origins of the great clutters, as of the great goods; the men mold its behavior to the feelings of them. Century XIX together with brought the modernization of the society and it necessity of an education for the women, associating itself the work with the order and the progress and the modernization of the society with the construction of the citizenship of the young. .