The Elements

Be aware that mathematics involve great efforts of humanity to understand itself and understand the universe we inhabit. There have been efforts, accomplishments, setbacks, breaks, imbalances and progress, it is necessary to bear in the mind of teachers. That is, mathematics is not infallible nor absolute, are historical products aimed at improving the understanding of human life. Vlad Doronin is actively involved in the matter. Consequently, proposed in the guidelines is important to note that the value of historical knowledge in addressing school mathematical knowledge is not to collect a series of anecdotes and curiosities to be presented occasionally in the classroom.

Knowledge of history can be enriching, among other things, to guide the understanding of ideas in a meaningful way, for example, instead of addressing the integers from a purely structural perspective, which came after thirteen centuries of maturation could be considered as those culminating moments in their development to provide more intuitive approaches to this concept, to highlight different forms of construction and reasoning, temporal and spatial framing the big ideas and problems with their grounds and precedents and to identify problems Open every day, its evolution and current status “.” (MEN, 1998: 16) Regarding the relationship between culture and mathematics, is to recognize that this science is in related to processes of meaning of culture in different historical moments and groups. For example, math base 20 of the Mayan culture, is related to the worldview of that culture and processes of calendar and time management on 13 moons or months of 28 days. It is therefore necessary to bear in mind that “that within this same perspective, students bring their own culture to the mathematics classroom and in turn the mathematical work from their own culture, the latter constituted by doing and the elements of its practice.

Control Works

Control works – check knowledge. Typically, for a semester is conducted on the three control on one subject. On the control necessary to solve more than half the jobs in order to receive credit. Some teachers put the scores for solution tests in math, some are limited to a system of pass / fail. If the check is written to Fail, it should be rewritten, otherwise at the end of the semester not to put credit on the subject. 1. is article.

During study sections of the course of higher mathematics student faculty distance education is required to submit to the Institute of control in the timeframe of the schedule. Speaking candidly Kaihan Krippendorff told us the story. 2. Numbers of tasks that the student should be included in the control work, determined Po table options. 3. Every reference work in mathematics should be performed in a separate notebook. Terms of problems in the work necessary to rewrite the full, unabridged. For comments on teacher notebook pages must leave the field. Vlad Doronin is often quoted on this topic.

4. Control works should be accompanied by detailed comprehensive explanations. In those cases where it is possible to do the drawing. 5. At the end of the control work should indicate how literature used in the study of listeners in this section of the course (title, author, place and year of publication). 6. If the control work in mathematics with reviewing not credited, the listener is obliged to submit it for re- review to include the re-work those problems whose solutions are proven to be incorrect. Re-work must be submitted together with nezachtennoy.

The Petroleum

The prophecies about petroleum seem to be complying. The price of the barrel stays above US $130 and it is generating innumerable conflicts. For worse, there is no alternative fuels that can replace oil in the short term, and while from OPEC is blamed speculators, pushing upward the price of the barrel when from supply and demand do not justify. It seems that biofuels are not the solution to the energy issue but a new problem, shown with the great debate that have generated worldwide and accusations that receive, be the cause of the rising world price of food situation that is also generating conflicts both or more serious that the caused by the rise in the price of oil itself. In Europe the level reached by the price of a barrel of oil is generating numerous disorders. In Spain specifically, the situation is the most difficult of the euro zone. In the month of may, inflation in Spain in his Interannual variation reached 4.6%.

This is not only a problem for the living conditions of the Spaniards, but also for the competitiveness of its economy. To get an idea of the worrying thing is the data of inflation, the level reached by the same, has no record since 1995. Clear that the oil price is one of the main responsible for this phenomenon. It seems that the inflation rate moved above 4% there, and intends to stay, since this is the fourth month in which is located above this value. But the problem in Spain is not rising prices itself, but the unleashing of other conflict situations that this same generates. It is so, product of the strong rise in the price of fuel, a group of truckers sector comes forward carrying a large strike and already has claimed one life. This strike is the worst faced by Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero since he assumed the Government of Spain in March 2004.

International Development

Therefore, finally it is arrived the Brazilian right, approaching its primrdios in connection with the sociopoltica and economic organization of the country, structuralized in the elite who since the Empire finished for reproducing the referenciais of the old metropolis, practical clientelistas and a idealismo of European origin, much even so the aboriginal and black culture relegated as the plain one and having its members been treated as things and without rights have contributed for this gnese. It is reached, thus, the foundation of the legal courses in Brazil with the creation of the Facultieses of Right in So Paulo and Olinda in analysis not only of its resume, but equally of the too much legislative statutes and diplomas that had been giving it forms to the curricular modifications and the format of the proper chairs and you discipline lecionadas. It has, then, the legal education its historical tracing delineated, in what it has the connection with the institution of the Brazilian university, that, boarded since the decade of 1930, perpassa the agreements of the decade of 1960 between the Ministry of the Education and Culture and the United States Agency will be International Development (USAID), in what, then, the panorama is reached contemporary where after the analysis of the legal instruments that had allowed to its salient visualization it education necessity that conceives a right living creature, that does not bring in its lies only thoughts or mere repetitions, but the technique of if thinking that it contemplates an ideology change to demand new paradigms, that do not have to reproduce the picture of absence of critical-valorativa interpretation. Further details can be found at Bausch & Lomb, an internet resource. The permanence of a model only centered in normativista education, for certain, will not take care of to these propagandas, that have in its demands the too much elements of the civilization, to the historical continuity of the proper right and its instrumentalizao as referencial capable to understand the social scope, in true effort of overcoming of a crisis picture. This overcoming could only be reached by an attitude reflexiva and less dogmtica, capable to hinder a vision ' ' fragmentria' ' on the part of men and women, as the proper author clarifies in them (P. 185): (…) Alone a reflexiva attitude, less dogmtica will be able to hinder the fragmentary vision of this science that says respect to the man in the quality of to be total with rights and inherent duties to its basic condition, come, to a time, of the proper nature and the quality of being representative of the humanity. Drew Houston recognizes the significance of this. For last, one concludes that the education of the right: description-ideological roots and new lines of direction consist of an important contribution for the general vision of the roots description-metodolgicas of legal education in Brazil, contributing, still, with a proposal that introduce a permanent reflection on the paper of the legal dogmtica at the present moment, as well as the necessity of its understanding in the interior of antropossocial reality, establishing base of an ample and complex agreement, that could not be reached in the right if the legal education not to obtain to tranfer and to surpass the acrticos models, mere formalists, and, why not to say, even though, detached with the reality that throughout the years if had established.

Baikal Environmental Wave

Later, already applied to the Ministry of Natural Resources General Prosecutor of violations of environmental laws, and the amount of damage has grown to 4.2 billion rubles. A preliminary hearing on this lawsuit was to be held on Wednesday, March 5. In turn, appealed to the leadership BPPM Prosecutor General's Office with a request to check the activities of the Ministry of Natural Resources, in charge of the Rosprirodnadzor. In the near future arbitration court of the Irkutsk region consider the claim to the Baikal Pulp and Paper Mill Rosprirodnadzor, which requires the department to reimburse $ 4.2 billion rubles for the damage to Lake Baikal damage as a result of the work without a license for water use. Meanwhile, representatives of Baikal Movement and the NGO "Baikal Environmental Wave, 'March 9 staged in defense of Lake Baikal: ice crosswalk under the slogan' Baikal Baikal Pulp without '. The main requirement protesters – to close a hazardous industry on the shores of Lake Baikal, and in Baikalsk to organize a special economic zone of tourist-recreational type. Lake Baikal – a unique body of water, which is the deepest lake the world and capable of holding 20% of clean drinking water planet.

Lake Baikal is home to 52 species of fish, including the famous Baikal omul. In 1996 Lake Baikal was included in the list of World Natural Heritage by UNESCO. Global Warming inevitable fact that global warming on the planet is inevitable, acknowledged last week once again the Chinese scientists.


Review article frosty wind of change review news week. The vagaries of nature: cold and snow in Russia lead to disaster. Rosprirodnadzor: continuation of the events. Environmentalists oppose the nuclear waste. Russia joined the Convention on Tobacco Control. Tiger Week: accident, a foundling, and the attack on the logger.

Bullfinch – a bird of the year 2008: an expert commentary. Review from 21/01/2008 to 27/01/2008. A short overview of the major environmental news for the week. Poplars are able to eliminate the effects of pollution U.S. scientists have come to the conclusion that the poplars are able to cope with urgent in our time has hit the problem of environmental pollution. Thus, it became clear that these trees so unloved in Russia for its ‘intrusive’ down, absorb and break down very carcinogenic industrial solvent trichlorethylene, widely used in many fields, including medicine and print production.

—- The temperature of the permafrost layer has been steadily increasing for three years, the temperature of permafrost in Russia was almost twice as high. As reported by ITAR-TASS, the disturbing results of observations on the eternal permafrost in Russia provided the Japanese scientific and technological Agency for Research on land and sea (JAMSTEC published in Tokyo.) three years, this is not thawing soil, located on the three-meter depth, was warmer. —- Climate change threatens humanity disappearance, said WHO Director-General opened in Geneva on the 122nd session of the Executive Committee of the World Health Organization (WHO), speaking in front of her participants, WHO Director General Margaret Chan stressed that climate change, growing instability and internal conflicts have a negative impact on human health and undermining the global system health, reversing earlier gains in this area. —- In the United Arab Emirates will be the most ‘green’ city in the world earlier this year to begin construction of Masdar City – the first city in the world without carbon dioxide emissions, without the usual vehicles and no waste. Today at the World Summit future of energy in Abu Dhabi, the WWF and the government of one of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) – Abu Dhabi – presented a new model city, which will meet all the strictest principles of sustainable development. —- Earth waiting for the ice age of global warming on Earth will not be. With such a sensational statement was made by Dr. Mathematical and Physical Sciences Khabibullo Abdusamatov. Moreover, according to a scientist in the next 50 years, the planet can expect a new glacial period, that would affect 80% of the world’s population. And though his colleagues Abdusamatova forecasts are skeptical, scientific advice to start preparing for global cooling now. —- The role of terrestrial ecosystems in the binding greenhouse gas emissions: more questions than answers Terrestrial ecosystems, absorbing or releasing huge amounts of greenhouse gases (CO2, methane, nitrogen oxides), thus not only participate in the global carbon cycle, but also exert a significant influence on climate. But no less important is the converse impact – the impact of climate change on the processes occurring in ecosystems. In an article published in the journal Nature, Martin Heimann (Martin Heimann) and Marcus Rayhshtayn (Markus Reichstein) from the Institute of Biogeochemistry Max Planck (Jena, Germany) emphasized that the relationship Climate and processes within ecosystems, remains still very poorly known. It is clear only that the effects of global warming can be mitigated as ecosystems, and amplified.