During the first formed educationally to the rising bourgeois class, from the thought of Gabino Barreda (1818-1881). In the second phase, this new social class seeks to apply the principles of their training in various social sectors; among them, the politician. In this phase the positivism has an active role in Mexican politics, represented by scientists during the Government of Porfirio Diaz. In 1867 Mexico was devastated after having first faced in 1848 to United States, then to a French intervention. On September 16, 1867 Gabino Barreda gave civic prayer, where he interprets the story from positivist bases in Guanajuato. Education is the foundation of a society that gives people a unique cultural base, calling Barreda for Barreda common fund of truths, to organize a free and ordered society that would lead towards progress. Education then Barreda is an activity whose effects are projected in the social field, so that only a society could build to order from a common agreement, thus overcoming the years of civil strife that had passed through the country.
Barreda believed that education less than cannot at the same time a spring inexhaustible satisfaction, the safest, preliminary peace and social order, because he will put all citizens attitude of appreciating all the facts in a similar way, and by the same uniformara the views that as far as possible. Positivist education driven by Gabino Barreda will form a new social class, which will create the Partido del Progreso, loosening of the Liberal Party, which until then had moved. This party spread its positivist ideals through a newspaper called La Libertad, which was published until 1884. The newspaper ceased publication because the majority of its authors left academic life to deal with politics, going directly to the Cabinet of Porfirio Diaz during the presidential period from 1885 to 1888. It is named these intellectuals of scientists, thus making allusion to philosophical current, said to be attached.